The origin is actually undecided. It’s thought that it absolutely was produced by crossing regional hens that have Enthusiast Orpingtons. A great hereditary similarity is based in the polymorphism from proteins loci regarding eggs out-of Poltava Clay and you may Rhode Isle Reds.
Given that step 1951 the Ukrainian Institute out of Chicken Reproduction could have been engaged in-breeding work with Poltava Clay chickens based on mass solutions to boost eggs development and you may alive pounds. Five inbred contours certified for egg design had been started in 1966; they were bred of the mating half of sibs. The common design attained 190-209 egg per year which have a keen eggs pounds away from 54-58 g. Creation of champions achieved 316 eggs a year.
The combining ability out of wild birds from all of these the latest outlines was tested regarding get across with Light Leghorns. The manufacture of a couple- otherwise around three-range interbreed hybrids is actually 236-240 eggs a year that have a keen eggs pounds of 53-54 grams.
Poltava Clay chickens was generally delivered regarding Ukraine on the farms perhaps not specializing in poultry so when personal possessions of the outlying society. Nowadays the inventory enjoys decreased out-of 747 100 inside the 1974 to help you 626 100000 when you look at the 1980.
Poltava Clay birds have follower plumage with black suggestions to journey and you will tail feathers. Ear-lobes are purple; the comb is actually red and shanks was yellow.
This new reproduce are raised for eggs and you may meats creation. The fresh new live weight regarding 8-week-dated . pullets are 0.8 kilogram as well as cockerels 0.9 kilogram; mature hens weigh dos.2 kilogram and you will dicks dos.6 kilogram. Many years on maturity try 170 months. An average production of Poltava hens is actually 170-190 eggs a year having a burden out-of 56 grams. The fresh egg shell are brown. Fertility from eggs are 95% and you can hatchability 88%. Success price of your own younger inventory try ninety five% and of people 95%.
Poltava Clay birds are being bred having large egg creation and you will egg weight and are utilized in autosexing crosses that have birds that have white Columbian plumage.
MEAT-Egg Types ADLER Silver (Adlerskaya serebristaya)
This breed was produced in the Adler poultry complex in Krasnodar territory during 1951-65 by crossing chickens of five breeds. Males of the Pervomai breed were mated with Russian White females and the F1 crosses were bred inter se. F2 progeny with a high production and viability were mated with New Hampshire males in order to improve meat qualities. The three-breed crosses were bred inter se. Offspring selected on appearance and growth rate were mated with White Plymouth Rock cocks for further improvement of meat conformation. These four-way crosses were bred inter se and their offspring were selected according to “standard” requirements. Some of these hens were mated with Yurlov cocks and the five-way crosses were bred inter se.
When making it breed a portion of the breeding method are number of the students inventory with the real time lbs on 60 days old, rates off feathering, chicken conformation. From inside the for every age group, when deciding on wild birds toward nucleus stock, liking received to specimens towards Columbian plumage trend.
The fresh inventory of Adler chickens expanded constantly and also by 1961 it had attained 4600 head; inside the 1962 they numbered 8100. In 1962 20 pens off comparable wild birds was in fact formed managed to evaluate cocks for the animal meat characteristics of its children. Promising genealogical traces within the breed have been recognized by 1965. The complete stock because year attained 46 100000 and you will conversion process out of hatching egg flower so you can 500 one hundred thousand. New reproduce is raised into the Krasnodar and you may Stavropol areas as well as in Azerbaijan. The people improved away from 110 000 within the 1975 to 603 one hundred thousand because of the 1980.
Characteristic features of the Adler reproduce is: each other chicken and egg design, Columbian plumage pattern, solitary brush, yellow ear canal-lobes and you can yellow shanks. These chickens possess a properly-created bones.